Nestled right in the center of New Brunswick, Fredericton offers a lifestyle that combines the peace of small-town living, the artistic stylings usually reserved for the underworld of a hulking metropolis, and the access of a large city.
All of these aspects have boosted Fredericton’s profile among foreign immigrants, helping to transform the city’s demographics into its current state of 20% foreign-born residents, 14 % of whom are visible minorities according to Statistics Canada.
Obtain a spot as a permanent resident in Fredericton by thoroughly understanding what to expect living in the Atlantic Canadian place with our city guide!
The city of Fredericton, the capital of New Brunswick, is one of Canada's oldest cities and is deeply steeped in the country's history. With evidence of human inhabitants dating back over 12,000 years, the area was used for farming by the Maliseets tribe until French colonists built Fort Nashwaak in the area in the late 1600s.
It was overtaken by the British in 1783, named Fredericstown - later shortened to Fredericton - after the son of King George III. It became a British garrison town after 1825 and, with the location of the reconstructed military compound, was designated a federal historic site. Today, Fredericton has been designated a city of Arts and Innovation by the government of New Brunswick.
To this day, Fredericton's municipality fully invests in funding, promoting, and supporting the local art scene. The city even has its poet laureate, who is in charge of Fredericton's poetic and artistic endeavors.
Where is Fredericton on the Map?
Fredericton is located in the province of New Brunswick, on the eastern coast of Canada. The city is nestled along the banks of the majestic Saint John River, providing stunning views and a tranquil atmosphere. Its central location within the province makes it easily accessible from other major cities, such as Moncton and Saint John. Getting to Fredericton is a breeze whether you're arriving by car, train, or plane.
Climate in Fredericton
The Fredericton weather is massively influenced by its proximity to the Saint John River. As a result, Fredericton's summers are relatively temperate, but the winters are freezing. However, thanks to the proximity to large bodies of water, even the coldest winter temperatures don't get all the way down to the freezing temperatures experienced in the territories in the North of Canada.
The summers in Fredericton are generally just under four months, starting right at the end of May and ending after mid-September. In the summer, the temperatures in Fredericton usually stay between 15°C (59°F) and 25°C (77°F), according to Weather-spark.
Fredericton's winters are slightly shorter, starting in early December and ending just before mid-March Weather-spark. During this time, the Fredericton weather is famously freezing and snowy, with temperatures between -13°C (8.6 °F) and -4°C (24.8 °F).
Work and Jobs in Fredericton
Fredericton offers a wide range of job opportunities across various industries. The city has several government offices, educational institutions, and technology companies, creating a diverse and thriving economy.
With a low unemployment rate of 5.7% according to Statistics Canada and a strong job market, Fredericton is an attractive destination for those seeking secure, permanent employment. Below are similar paying jobs in Fredericton you can apply for, including National Occupational Classification (NOC) and estimated average annual salaries from Canada’s Job Bank.
|Occupations in Fredericton
|Annual Average Salaries in Fredericton (CAD)
|Human Resources Manager
Cost of Living in Fredericton
One of the major advantages of living in Fredericton is its affordable cost of living. Compared to other major Canadian cities, such as Toronto or Vancouver, housing prices in Fredericton are significantly lower both inside and outside the city center for both individuals and families. This is exemplified below, with data from Numbeo.com.
|Type of Apartment
|Monthly Apartment Rent in Fredericton (CAD)
|Monthly Apartment Rent in Toronto (CAD)
|Monthly Apartment Rent in Vancouver (CAD)
|1 Bedroom Apartment inside the City Center
|1 Bedroom Apartment outside the City Center
|3 Bedroom Apartment inside the City Center
|3 Bedroom Apartment outside the City Center
Neighborhoods in Fredericton
Some of the most exciting neighborhoods for newcomers to the city of Fredericton are as follows:
A vibrant community on Fredericton's southern border, New Maryland is one of New Brunswick's wealthiest communities. The residents of this neighborhood have excellent access to shopping on Prospect Street and recreational and community programs.
Steeped deeply into the city's history, Fredericton's downtown area is the city's cultural hub. Home to some of the city's top artisans, boutiques, parks, skating rinks, bars, cafes, restaurants and museums, Downtown Fredericton offers the full range of the vibrant culture of the metropolitan area.
For those looking for the quiet, peaceful nature of rural Canada without having to leave the city behind, Hill Area is perfect. So close to some of Fredericton's excellent schools and universities, Hill Area is a hotspot for students and families with various outdoor activities and safe, well-protected suburbs.
Transportation in Fredericton
Fredericton, a city known for its blend of historic charm and contemporary living, offers a diverse range of transportation options to cater to the varied needs of its residents and visitors.
Fredericton Transit System
The Fredericton Transit system, with its extensive bus network, stands as a cornerstone of the city's public transportation. The system, known for its reliability and accessibility, connects key neighborhoods and attractions, making it an efficient choice for daily commuters and those exploring the city.
Fredericton VIA Rail System
The VIA Rail station in Fredericton provides a rail travel option, linking the city to other major destinations. The train service not only offers a comfortable and scenic journey but also contributes to the city's connectivity on a broader scale.
Fredericton Checker Cabs
For those seeking personalized and on-demand travel, taxi services such as Checker Cabs provide a convenient solution. Taxis offer door-to-door service, ensuring flexibility and ease of transportation.
Private Care Use in Fredericton
Furthermore, private car use is popular in Fredericton, facilitated by well-maintained road infrastructure and highways. The city's road network allows for smooth navigation, enabling residents and visitors to explore Fredericton's picturesque surroundings at their own pace. If you plan to drive around in your car in Fredericton, ensure you can afford the 1.70 CAD gasoline per cost, according to Numbeo.com.
Things to Do in Fredericton
One of the significant perks of life in Fredericton is the vibrant social life that exists within the city. In addition, Fredericton is an artistic and cultural capital in Canada and has a wide variety of fantastic activities.
Explore the Historic Garrison District
Fredericton's history comes alive in the Historic Garrison District, where cobblestone streets and heritage buildings transport you to a bygone era. Visit the Changing of the Guard ceremony, immerse yourself in the Soldiers' Barracks, and enjoy cultural events at Officer's Square. This district offers a captivating blend of history and entertainment for a memorable outing.
Stroll along the Scenic Green
The city's natural beauty unfolds along the Saint John River, and a stroll along the Green is a perfect way to soak it in. With walking trails, lush greenery, and river views, this area provides a tranquil escape. Bring a picnic, unwind by the water, or engage in outdoor activities – the Green is a versatile space for relaxation and recreation.
Artistic Exploration at the Beaverbrook Art Gallery
For art enthusiasts, the Beaverbrook Art Gallery is a treasure trove. Housing an impressive collection of Canadian and international art, including works by renowned artists such as Salvador Dalí and Emily Carr, the gallery promises a cultural feast. Explore the diverse exhibits and let the world of art captivate your senses.
Indulge in Culinary Delights
Fredericton's culinary scene is a delightful blend of local flavors and international influences. Head to the Boyce Farmers Market for a taste of fresh produce and artisanal goods, or explore the city's restaurants, offering everything from traditional Maritime dishes to innovative gastronomic creations.
Education in Fredericton
Elementary Education in Fredericton
In Fredericton, the journey of education begins with vibrant elementary schools catering to students aged 5 to 11. Fredericton's elementary education system, overseen by the Anglophone West School District, ensures a supportive environment that encourages curiosity and creativity, providing a solid foundation for the educational odyssey ahead.
Primary Education in Fredericton
Transitioning into primary education, students aged 12 to 14 experience a more specialized curriculum, delving deeper into subjects while developing critical thinking skills.
Fredericton's secondary education, designed for students aged 15 to 18, takes center stage, offering a comprehensive range of courses to prepare students for higher education or entry into the workforce.
The Anglophone West School District plays a pivotal role in administering and shaping the trajectory of education in Fredericton, overseeing the development of curricula, maintaining educational standards, and fostering an environment conducive to the holistic development of students throughout their educational journey. Overall, education in Frederick is administered by New Brunswick Education.
Immigrate to Fredericton
Canada, via Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), offers various immigration programs that can help facilitate the process of moving to Fredericton. These programs include the:
Express Entry System
The Express Entry system is an online platform used by the Canadian government to manage permanent residency immigration applications from foreign skilled workers. You must create an Express Entry profile on the IRCC portal to apply.
Candidates are then ranked in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), which is a points-based system used to assess and score their profiles. You can examine your CRS score using our CRS calculator. The Express Entry system consists of three immigration programs, namely the:
- Federal Skilled Work Program (FSWP),
- Federal Skilled Trades Program, and
- Canadian Experience Class (CEC).
New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program
The New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP) is a provincial immigration program that allows New Brunswick to nominate immigrants to fill the economic and labor market needs of the province.
Additionally, New Brunswick has an immigration stream aligned with the federal Express Entry system, known as the NB Express Entry Stream, which connects to the federal Express Entry system and can increase a candidate's chances of receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residence.
Learn more about the New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program.
Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program (AIPP)
The Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP) is a pathway to permanent residence for skilled foreign workers and international graduates from a Canadian institution who want to permanently work and live in one of Canada's four Atlantic provinces, including:
Find out more about the Canada’s AIP.
Homecare Provider Pilots (HCPP)
The Homecare Provider Pilots (HCPP) include the Home Child Care Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot, two economic pilot programs that offer pathways for foreign national caregivers to obtain permanent residency by providing support to caregivers and home care providers in Canada.
Learn more about Canada’s Home Care Provider Pilots.
For entrepreneurs and self-employed individuals, Canada offers various programs to facilitate business immigration.
Self Employed Program
The Self-employed program is designed for individuals with relevant experience in cultural or athletic activities who wish to permanently settle in Canada and contribute to its athletic and artistic communities.
Learn more about the Self-employed program.
Start-up Visa Program
The Start-up Visa program allows innovative entrepreneurs with a viable business idea to establish their business in Canada. These programs not only provide opportunities for business growth but also contribute to the economic development of Canada.
Find out more about the Start-up Visa program.
What is Fredericton’s Historical Significance?
Fredericton has a rich historical background that dates back centuries. It was first established as a French trading post in the early 18th century and later became an important British colonial settlement. Today, the city proudly showcases its history through its well-preserved architecture, museums, and landmarks. One of the iconic historical sites in Fredericton is the Garrison District, which features several 19th-century military buildings.
When Are Some Summer Festivals Held in Fredericton?
One of the most popular festivals is the Harvest Jazz and Blues Festival, held annually in September. This six-day celebration of music showcases a wide range of genres, from jazz and blues to rock and folk. Another must-visit event is the Fredericton FROSTival, which takes place in January and February.
What is The Best Time to Visit Fredericton?
The best time to visit Fredericton depends on your personal preferences. If you enjoy warm weather and outdoor activities, the summer months from June to August are ideal. During this time, you can explore the city's parks, attend festivals, and indulge in various outdoor adventures. If you're a fan of winter sports or want to experience a magical winter wonderland, visiting Fredericton during the winter months can be a great choice.