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Updated: June 27th, 2023


Edited by Kirat Sekhon

A province in east-central Canada, Ontario has boundaries with both the United States and the Great Lakes. Ottawa, the nation's capital, is situated there. The National Gallery houses work of art by Canadian and indigenous artists, and Parliament Hill is famous for its Victorian architecture. The CN Tower in Toronto, Ontario, stands 553 meters tall and offers expansive views from its rotating restaurant. High Park is also home to a unique oak savannah environment.

About Ontario

About Ontario

Ontario is a beautiful destination to live and visit due to its lively culture and diverse scenery. The enormous, rocky, and mineral-rich Canadian Shield, which divides the productive farmland in the south from the grassy lowlands in the north, is one feature of the diversified terrain: the Canadian Aboriginal Festival, Oktoberfest, and the Caribbean Carnival honor diverse cultures in Ontario.

More than 12,000 years of human habitation may be found in what is now Ontario. Aboriginals who spoke the Algonquian and Iroquoian languages had inhabited the area before European invaders arrived. The precise translation of "Ontario" is uncertain, according to experts. They know that "Ontario" is an Iroquois word for a large body of lovely water, a beautiful lake, or both.

With an area greater than France and Spain, Ontario is Canada's second-largest province, spanning over 1 million square kilometers (415,000 square miles). The province of Ontario is bordered to the east by Quebec, to the west by Manitoba, to the north by Hudson Bay and James Bay, and the south by the St. Lawrence River and the Great Lakes.

Where is Ontario on the Map?

Ontario is located in east-central Canada, the most populous of all the provinces, with around 14 million people calling this area their home. It is also the 2nd largest province in Canada, covering 1.076 million km². In addition, the province of Ontario houses the national capital city (Ottawa) and the nation's most populous city (Toronto).

Here's all you need to know about life in Ontario, Canada. Ontario shares a 2700-kilometer border with the United States to the south (Michigan, Ohio, New York, Minnesota, and Pennsylvania), Manitoba to the west, James Bay and Hudson Bay to the north, and Quebec to the east.

Economy and Industries

In many ways, Ontario is the center of most activity in Canada and has created a hub of economic, social, and political opportunities. The Federal government is the single largest employer of Ontarians.

Ontario has a diverse economy, with the main exports being automobiles, machinery, and electrical parts. Most big car brands, including Chrysler, Ford, and Honda, are manufactured here.

Mining has been an economic factor for over 130 years, supplying more than 30 kinds of metal and minerals. The many rivers in the province have created numerous opportunities in the hydroelectric energy field, with much of the country's electricity originating here.

Southern Ontario provides fertile ground for the effective production of small grains and fruit farming, incredibly close to the beautiful Niagara Peninsula. Industries in Ontario include growing crops, extracting minerals, making cars, creating software, and developing cutting-edge technology.

Find out which In-Demand Occupations & Jobs are available in Ontario and how working in one might influence your application process. Additionally, this video provides an excellent overview of the professions in demand in Ontario and the expected earnings for each one.

Climate/Weather in Ontario

With a continental climate, Ontario has hot, humid summers and frigid winters with significant snowfall. Milder seasons are often spring and fall. The province has far less seasonal temperature variance and more precipitation than expected for such a central area because of the Great Lakes.

In the southern part of the province, cities farther from the lakes have substantially higher temperatures, with potential heat waves reaching over 80°F (27°C). Winters are often significantly colder and more severe in regions north of the Great Lakes due to arctic air currents. There is a temperature range of 36°F (0°C) to 14°F (-10°C).

Cost of living in Ontario

Cost of living in Ontario

Ontario has a reputation for having high living costs, but salaries and the minimum wage of 15.50 CAD, set to rise to 16.55 CAD per hour, are some of the highest in the country. Known for cleanliness, safety, and an abundance of quality public services, it is no wonder that more than half of the immigrants in Canada choose Ontario.

Though Ontario has high taxes and living costs, its high salaries ensure that residents enjoy one of the world's highest quality of life rankings.

According to, the average monthly cost of living for a single renter in Ottawa is 3,230 CAD. The price of housing, transportation, groceries, and entertainment are just a few of the numerous variables that go into calculating this average.

Immigration/Dedicated Visa

Ontario is regarded as Canada's leading economic powerhouse and the wealthiest province. The province possesses the most mature and diverse industrial sector in the country, as well as a large share of the country's natural resources.

The Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) accepts applications under several immigration categories. Learn more about the Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program.


Ontario has the most diverse culture in Canada, with most of the population in the province being of English and European descent. In addition, Irish, Italian, and Scottish people account for a large group of immigrants, which has also resulted in an astounding number of foreign-born people in the province at over 28%, compared to the country's average of less than 20%.


On June 27, 2023, the population of Ontario was 15,386,407 people, up 123,747 over the previous quarter.

Toronto's current metro area population 2023 is 6,372,000, a 0.93% increase from 2021.

The current metro area population of Ottawa-Gatineau in 2023 is 1,437,000, a 0.98% increase from 2022.

Today, over 100 languages are spoken in homes throughout the province, though 70% of the population speaks English.

Over 50% of Ontario's population follow a Protestant or Catholic faith, with nearly 23% declaring no religious affiliation. However, as a diverse province, there are many places of worship for all religions.


Ontario offers quality, government-funded education to its residents from Kindergarten until their secondary school career ends. Much like in other places in Canada, early childhood education is provided to children from birth to age six; elementary school is provided to children from Kindergarten through grade eight, and secondary school is offered to children from grades nine through twelve.

The province has top-rated universities, including the University of Toronto, which ranked 18th worldwide. Other Notable universities are the University of Waterloo, the University of Ottawa, and Queen's University.

Major Cities

Ontario has 55 cities and even smaller municipal clusters. The province's two biggest cities are Toronto and Ottawa. Toronto is well-known for its cosmopolitan lifestyle, and Ottawa is the capital. As more immigrants choose Ontario as their place of residence to begin their new lives in Canada, the province's main cities continue to expand.


Toronto is the largest city in Canada and the fifth-most populated metropolis in North America. With 49% of its citizens born outside of Canada, the city is one of the most multicultural in the whole globe. Canada's largest city, Toronto, is on Lake Ontario's western shore. The famous, free-standing CN Tower dwarfs the city's core of tall buildings, which are part of a vibrant metropolis. In addition, Toronto offers a lot of green places, from the tidy circle of Queen's Park to the 400-acre High Park with its trails, sports venues, and zoo.


The capital and fourth-largest city in Canada is Ottawa. The 14th highest in the world, Ottawa has the second-best quality of life of any major American city. On the banks of the Ottawa River, it is dominated by Parliament Hill, which features impressive Victorian architecture, and institutions like the National Gallery of Canada, known for its holdings of Canadian art, including indigenous art. In the summer, boats line the park-lined Rideau Canal, and ice skaters use it in the winter.


Hamilton, Ontario, nestled in the heart of Ontario, Canada, is a city with unique charm and appeal. Known as the "Waterfall Capital of the World", it boasts over 100 breathtaking waterfalls cascading down the Niagara Escarpment. 

The city perfectly blends urban and rural landscapes, with a vibrant downtown area teeming with arts, culture, and a dynamic food scene juxtaposed against picturesque countryside dotted with vineyards and trails. Hamilton is also steeped in history, evident in its beautifully preserved 19th-century architecture and the iconic Dundurn Castle. On top of all these, the city's community spirit is palpable. Hamiltonians are known for their warm hospitality and a strong sense of community, making a living or visiting here an enriching experience. 


Mississauga, Ontario, a vibrant city in Ontario, Canada, is a hidden gem. What makes it special? Its unique blend of bustling urban life with serene nature is unparalleled. Mississauga, Ontario, is home to a diverse population, offering a rich tapestry of cultures, languages, and cuisines to explore. Its thriving arts scene, featuring local galleries, theatres and music festivals, captivates the hearts of visitors and locals alike. Moreover, the city's commitment to sustainable living, seen through its well-maintained parks and community programs, adds charm. It's a city that truly offers something for everyone!

Things to do in Ontario

Things to do in Ontario

Canadian Landmarks in Ontario

Ontario, a dazzling province in Canada, is a treasure trove of breathtaking landmarks that draw millions of visitors annually. These Canadian landmarks blend natural beauty, fascinating history, and remarkable architecture. One of the most famous landmarks in Canada, located in Ontario, is the awe-inspiring Niagara Falls. This natural spectacle always amazes with its powerful cascades and misty aura. 

Another remarkable landmark in Ontario is the CN Tower in Toronto. Standing at 553.33 meters, this towering edifice offers a panoramic view of the city and its vibrant life. It was once the tallest free-standing structure in the world and is now a symbol of Canadian pride.

Parliament Hill in Ottawa also deserves mention among the best landmarks in Ontario. This historical site houses three neo-Gothic structures that are awe-inspiring with their architectural brilliance. The Royal Ontario Museum, too, is a must-visit. With its unique architecture and vast collection of art, world culture, and natural history, it's one of the largest museums in North America.

So if you're planning a trip to Canada, include these famous landmarks in your itinerary to experience the true essence of Ontario. These Canadian landmarks are tourist spots and symbols of Canada's diverse culture, rich history and natural beauty.

Art Galleries & Experiences

Ontario is a very artistic province. From outdoor murals, urban graffiti, and the surroundings' natural beauty to the walls and halls of galleries and institutions.

Discover renowned art museums that feature carefully maintained permanent collections and changing shows.

Nature & Natural Wonders

Experience the breathtaking landscapes and natural wonders that define Ontario, from the mighty Niagara Falls to the flowing Kakabeka Falls, the geological wonders along the Niagara Escarpment to the enormous Canadian Shield. Explore diverse woods, glistening lakes, and wildlife-filled wilderness.

Foodie Destinations

Savor the incredible culinary experiences in Ontario's gourmet attractions, from locally produced, field to fork and farm-to-table foods to globally inspired fusion dishes.

Theatre & Film

Fans of theater and movies will be enthralled by what's on display. Enjoy fresh and interesting playbills with world-famous film festivals, Broadway blockbusters, renowned theatrical festivals, and cutting-edge regional theatre every year in Ontario.  s fascinating as the arts they house, many old theaters are steeped in legend and history.

Ready to find out more about living in Ontario?


What is Life in Ontario Like?

Life in Ontario is diverse and exciting, and there is something for everyone. However, you'll need to adjust to the vast distances.  Ontario isn't tiny; most residents believe a five-hour drive is relatively short. You'll need a car to get around unless you live in one of the major cities like Toronto or Ottawa.

What is the OINP Processing Time?

The Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) can make decisions within 60 days.  Following that, the next phase typically takes between seven and eight months. This may seem like a long time to you, but compared to the typical processing period of 17 to 32 months, we can see that it is significantly faster.

What is the Human Capital Priorities Stream of Ontario?

Because of its effectiveness in attracting thousands of qualified immigrant workers to Ontario, the Human Capital Priorities Stream is recognized as the OINP's nerve center. Therefore, it would be best to have a current Express Entry profile to be considered for this stream. If successful, you will receive 600 CRS points and an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for Canadian permanent residency.

Is Ontario a Good Place to Immigrate To?

You would wish to relocate to Ontario for numerous reasons. For example, Toronto, the province's capital, is one of the world's most diverse cities. In addition, more than half of the population was born outside of Canada.

Furthermore, several work options exist in Toronto and other towns. Many multinational firms have their Canadian headquarters in Toronto. Finance, technology, film and media, and tourism are all important industries.

Academically, Ontario is home to many world-class universities. The University of Toronto, University of York, McMaster University, University of Waterloo, University of Ottawa, Ryerson University, Carleton University, University of Guelph, and others are among them.

Start Your Journey to Ontario

Cost of living in Ontario

We may have answered your concerns about Ontario, but you should see a specialist to understand living in Ontario and how to migrate there. One of the best ways to accomplish that is to use the button below to contact a Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant, who can provide you with helpful information on moving to Ontario as a resident of Canada.

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