Australia vs Canadian Immigration System

Immigrating to a new country is a very big step to take, whether it’s by yourself or with your family. There are many questions that arise when thinking of a country to move to. The two main contenders that many people consider are Canada and Australia.

Decisions are generally made on the basis of which country is safer and which offers better work opportunities. Also included are the education and healthcare systems but the biggest deciding factor is the immigration system of the country. This is because it will have a direct impact on how many immigrants are welcomed annually and how easy it is to earn permanent residency.

In this article, we discuss Australia vs Canadian Immigration Systems.

Canada Vs Australia Immigration


The best way to understand the main differences when it comes to immigration between the two countries is to compare the more popular immigration programs they have to offer.

The first two programs we’ll compare are Canada’s Federal Skilled Worker Program and Australia’s Skilled Independent visa (subclass 189) as both these programs aim to invite foreign skilled workers as permanent residents.

Federal Skilled Worker Program

The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)falls under the Express Entry system and is made for individuals who have qualifications, skills or work experience to contribute to Canada’s economy. When applying for permanent residency through the FSWP, having a job offer isn’t a requirement but it can increase your chance of receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA).

As Canadians continue to retire each year, the demand for skilled workers increases. The government has a goal of issuing 108,500 ITAs through the Express Entry system for 2021 alone.

Requirements for the Federal Skilled Worker Program

  • Skilled work experience - have a minimum of 1 year (part-time or full-time) experience in a NOC skill type (A, 0 or B);
  • Proof of funds - have enough money for you and your family to settle in Canada, unless you are able to legally work in Canada or have a valid job offer;
  • Language ability - get a minimum score of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7 in all 4 abilities for English and French;
  • Have a successful security background and medical examination check;
  • Score a minimum of 67 out of 100 points under the skilled worker point grid comprising of 6 selection factors; and
  • Education - have at least a certificate from a secondary institution (high school).

Skilled Independent visa (subclass 189)

The Skilled Independent visa allows individuals to permanently stay in Australia, it also has a travel component that expires five years after the date of issue. Applicants become permanent citizens as soon as the visa is granted to them.

Skilled Independent visa

  • Be invited to apply;
  • Have a suitable skills assessment;
  • You must be aged under 45;
  • Be able to score 65 points or more;
  • Pass the English competency test;
  • Your occupation must be on the relevant list of eligible skilled occupations;
  • Be in good health;
  • Meet the country’s character requirement;
  • Have paid back your debt to the Australian government (if applicable);
  • Sign the Australian values statement; and
  • Not have had a visa cancelled or a previous application refused.
Canada Federal Skilled Worker Program Australia Skilled Independent visa
Processing time can be within 6 months Processing time can take up to 25 months
Cost is $1,325 CAD per person Cost is from $3,843 for main applicant
Score a minimum of 67 points Score a minimum of 65 points

Other popular programs that allow foreign skilled workers to immigrate to Canada and Australia are the Provincial Nominee Program in Canada and the Skilled Nominated visa (subclass 190) in Australia. Both of these programs offer permanent resident status.

Provincial Nominee Program


The Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) is an agreement that has been put in place for local provinces to nominate eligible economic immigrants who want to work and stay in a particular province. An applicant can either express their interest in a certain province directly or through the Express Entry system.

Each province and territory has its own streams and requirements which target different groups, this includes students, business people, skilled workers and semi-skilled workers.

There are 11 Provincial Nominee Programs in Canada, they are:

  1. Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)
  2. British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP)
  3. Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP);
  4. New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NW PNP)
  5. Nova Scotia Provincial Nominee Program (NS PNP)
  6. Ontario Provincial Nominee Program (OINP)
  7. Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP)
  8. Saskatchewan Provincial Nominee Program (SINP)
  9. Yukon Nominee Program (YNP)

Skilled Nominated visa

The Skilled Nominated Work Visa (subclass 190) requires you to be nominated by a state or territory government. Once you submit your Expression of Interest (EOI), it will be viewable by government authorities looking for prospective foreign workers with your skillset. If a government nominates you, then you will receive a letter of invitation to apply.

This visa is only applicable to those who can fill a position on the Skilled Occupation Lists of Australia.

Canada Provincial Nominee Program Australia Skilled Nominated visa
Processing time can be within 6 months via Express Entry Processing time can take up to 17 months
Cost is $1,325 CAD per person (if nominated) Cost is from $3,843 for main applicant
Must receive a nomination Must be nominated to apply

When it comes to Australia vs Canadian immigration system, with regards to foreign skilled workers, there are several similarities and only a few differences. One of the major differences is that Canada’s list of in-demand skills is much longer than that of Australia’s, and for this reason, increasing the chances of you being eligible for one of Canada’s immigration programs.

Why Foreigners Choose to Move to Canada


Australia vs Canadian immigration system: Canada’s goal is to welcome over 1.23 million foreigners as permanent residents within the next three years. There also doesn’t seem to be any slowing down for Canada due to the global pandemic, unlike for Australia. Overall Canada could be the easier option as there are over 100 different immigration pathways, which increases your chance of being successful for one of them. works with Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultants (RCICs) who can make your journey simple and hassle-free as you won’t miss a deadline because they can submit documents on your behalf.

Simply click on the link to see if you’re eligible!