Even though a pandemic is currently causing countries all over the world to put many things on hold, Canada somehow is still managing to invite thousands of immigrants to become permanent residents.
April 1, 2021, Canada sent 5,000 Invitations To Apply (ITA). This means that 5,000 foreigners had the opportunity to apply for permanent residency in Canada. This process is quicker than most immigration systems which is why Canada’s Express Entry system is the best pathway to Canada in 2021.
It gives you the chance of getting an ITA every two weeks in draws, instead of getting denied and having to apply again.
To further understand how you can be a part of the next Canadian Express Entry draw, read below.
What is the Express Entry System?
The Canadian Express Entry is an online immigration system for skilled workers that choose candidates from a draw pool for Canadian permanent residency.
The Express Entry system is made of three federal immigration programs. These are the Federal Skilled Worker Program, the Federal Skilled Trades Program and the Canadian Experience Class.
The Government determines which program you’re eligible for, once you have submitted your profile.
The Express Entry acts as one of the largest entry points for Canadian immigration. The goal for 2023 is to have 1.2 million new immigrants welcomed into Canada and the Express Entry system is contributing to 332,750 of that total, issuing 108,500 invitations to apply (ITA) in 2021.
If you are a potential skilled worker, the Express Entry system will result in fast processing times, as little as six months. This is the fastest immigration system in Canada.
How Does the Express Entry System Work?
Once determined that you’ve met the Express Entry requirements, you need to create an online profile. You will need the following:
- Your passport or travel document;
- Education credential assessment report;
- Language test results;
- Certificate of qualification in a trade occupation issued by a Canadian province or territory (if you have one);
- Proof of work experience (if you have one);
- Provincial Nomination (if you have one)
You have 60 days to complete and submit your online profile.
You will get placed in a pool with others applicants who are eligible and given a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score that will determine your ranking in the pool. The maximum number of points you can score is 1,200 points.
Each draw has a different CRS score to qualify for an invitation to apply. If you meet or score higher than the CRS cut-off score you will receive an ITA. The invitation to apply means that you can apply for Canadian permanent residency.
If you don’t qualify for a certain draw your profile will remain in the pool for one year. This is one of the upsides of the Canadian Express Entry system because you can be picked for another upcoming draw.
Your CRS score is determined based on factors such as language, work experience, skills education and more.
Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)
The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is points-based and used by the Government to assess, score and rank all profiles in the Express Entry pool.
This means that the higher your CRS points, the better the chance of you receiving an ITA.
How CRS points are scored?
Your total CRS score is made up of two sections. The core set of points is a total of 600 and the additional set of points of 600 points. This makes the maximum score 1,200 points.
Below is how you can achieve this set of points:
Core CRS Points
- Skills and experience;
- Spouse or common-law partner factors, such as their language or skill;
- Skills transferability, including education and work experience.
Additional CRS points
- Canadian degrees, diplomas or certificates;
- A valid job offer;
- A nomination from a province or territory;
- A sibling living in Canada who is a citizen or permanent resident; and
- Strong French language skills.
Overall, the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is divided into four sections with different combinations that can result in higher points.
|A. Core/Human Capital Factors|
|Factors||Maximum Points Given With a Spouse or Common-Law Partner||Maximum Points Given Without a Spouse or Common-Law Partner|
|Official Language Proficiency||150||160|
|Canadian Work Experience||70||80|
|B. Spouse or Common-Law Partner Factors|
|Level of Education||10|
|Official Language Proficiency||20|
|Canadian Work Experience||10|
|C. Skill Transferability Factors|
|With good official language proficiency & a post-secondary degree||50|
|With Canadian work experience & a post-secondary degree||50|
|Foreign Work Experience||Maximum Points|
|With good official language proficiency (CLB level 7 or higher) & foreign work experience||50|
|With Canadian work experience & foreign work experience||50|
|Certificate of Qualification (Trades)||Maximum Points|
|With good official language proficiency & a certificate of qualification||50|
|D. Additional Points|
|A sibling living in Canada (citizen or permanent resident)||15|
|French language skills||50|
|Post-secondary education in Canada||30|
It’s important to remember that you won’t earn points from your spouse partner if;
- they are not coming with you to Canada; or
- they are a Canadian citizen or permanent resident
Now that you have a better understanding of the Canadian Express Entry system and how to receive an invitation to apply with your CRS score, let’s have a look at the three federal programs that are managed through Express Entry.
These are as follows:
- the Federal Skilled Worker Program;
- the Federal Skilled Trades Program; and
- the Canadian Experience Class.
Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
The Federal Skilled Worker Program is a program for foreigners who can contribute to Canada’s economy with their work experience, qualifications or set of skills. The Federal Skilled Worker Program doesn’t require a job offer for you to be eligible. This would make it the easiest Canadian immigration option.
What Are the Requirements of the Federal Skilled Worker Program?
- Skilled work experience - have a minimum of one year(part-time or full-time) experience in a NOC skill type (A, O or B)
- Language ability - get a minimum score of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7 in all four abilities for English and French.
- Education - have at least a certificate from a secondary institution (high school)
A large amount of Canadians retire every year which means the need for skilled workers is growing. This makes it easier for skilled workers and professionals to become permanent residents.
Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
The Federal Skilled Trades Program allows you as a foreigner with work experience in eligible trade occupations to immigrate to Canada. Although this isn’t the only way to immigrate to Canada, going through the Canadian Express Entry system will certainly be the quickest.
What Are the Requirements of the Federal Skilled Trades Program?
- meet the required language levels for each language ability
- have at least two years of full-time work experience or equivalent part-time work
- meet job requirements for skilled trade set out in the NOC
- have a valid job offer for a period of at least one year or a certificate of qualification in the specific skilled trade issued by a Canadian provincial, territorial or federal authority.
The Federal Skilled Trades Program are organized under these groups of the National Occupation Classification (NOC):
|National Occupation Classification Categories|
|Major Group 72||Industrial, Electrical and Construction Trades|
|Major Group 73||Maintenance and Equipment Operation Trades|
|Major Group 82||Supervisors and Technical jobs in natural resources, agriculture and related production|
|Major Group 92||Processing, Manufacturing and Utility Supervisors and Central Control Operators|
|Minor Group 632||Chefs and Cooks|
|Minor Group 633||Butchers and Bakers|
The Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
The Canadian Experience Class (CEC) is a program for foreigners seeking permanent residency in Canada who have gained Canadian work experience through a temporary work permit.
They can easily transition to becoming permanent residents as they have, most likely, already settled into the lifestyle of Canada and have the support they would need.
What Are the Requirements of the Canadian Experience Class?
- Meet the required language levels for each language ability
- Have at least one year of skilled work experience in Canada (full-time or part-time equivalent to one year), in the last three years
- Gained your work experience by working in Canada while under temporary resident status with authorization to work
If you qualify for the CEC program you can move to any province or territory in Canada. The upside of the Canadian Experience Program is that you don’t need proof of settlement funds. This means the application process can take as little as three to four months. That is less time than any other program!
Provinces and territories can also recruit from the Express Entry pool through the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) to meet local market needs.
Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
An agreement was made between the local provinces and the Government where the provinces can nominate immigrants who want to live and work in that particular province.
There are two main options when applying for permanent residence through a Provincial Nominee Program.
- Apply directly to a province or territory; or
- The Express Entry-linked process
Applying directly to a province can take anywhere between 15 and 19 months long whereas applying through the Express Entry system can take as little as six months. As well as staying in the draw pool for one year if you aren’t selected, you have the opportunity to get an ITA every two weeks.
FAQs: All About the Express Entry System
How Much Does Express Entry Cost?
|Express Entry Costs|
|Fees||Total amount in CAD|
|Your application - processing fee is $825 and a right of permanent residence fee is $500||$1,325|
|Your application fee (without a right of permanent residence fee)||$825|
|Including your spouse or partner - processing fee is $825 and a right of permanent residence fee is $500||$1,325|
|Including your spouse or partner (without a right of permanent residence fee)||$825|
|Including a dependent child||$225|
What To Do While Waiting For the Next Draw?
- Get your documents ready - it makes it easier to apply within 90 days.
- Check that your language tests are valid - they are valid for 2 years after the test date. They also need to be valid when you apply for permanent residence.
- Prepare police certificates for you and your family who are 18 and older.
- Start your job search (if needed).
- Try to increase your score by improving your language score, education or gaining relevant work experience.
- Keep your profile up to date .e.g. If you get married or divorced.
The Canadian Express Entry System is the Best Pathway to Canada in 2021
Gone are the days where you have to wait for more than 10 months to a year-long to immigrate to Canada and begin your new and exciting life. You have the option of being part of the Express Entry draw pool as a skilled worker. You have the opportunity to be part of a draw that happens as frequently as two weeks, and having the pleasure of not reapplying because you stay in the Express Entry draw pool for a year if you aren’t successful.
Beyond the incredible quickness of the entire process, it’s also very efficient. This is why Canada’s Express Entry system is the best pathway to Canada in 2021.