At this point, you’ve managed to secure a job offer in Canada, found a suitable immigration program to apply to and have undergone the necessary procedures for your application. You should have submitted the relevant documents with your application and you may be wondering what follows after you’ve submitted your application. Your application will be reviewed by an Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) officer to assess eligibility.
The main objective of the IRCC is to manage and facilitate immigration applications, and suggest suitable immigration pathways that foreign nationals can take. Whether you need help with immigration programs or protection as a refugee, the idea is to assist immigrants with settling in Canada.
So, the jackpot question remains: what are IRCC processing times like and what can you expect after you’ve submitted your application?
Below is a table by Canadianvisa.org which breaks down the times for the programs mentioned in this article:
|Immigration Program||IRCC Processing Times|
|Express Entry||6 months or less|
|Provincial Nomination Program (PNP)||Two processing times at play: (1) Subject to province and (2) Subject at federal government level for permanent residence|
|Visitor Visa||8 - 40 days|
|Visitor Visa (business)||16 - 20 days|
The backlog in Canadian immigration applications has been growing at an exponential rate of over 2.1 million in the business sector since April 29.
As a result, the escalation of backlogs are caused by temporary residence inventory, while the permanent residents applications increased to a whopping 638 persons in the same time. This has caused the IRCC to reduce the backlog for citizenship by 258 people.
However, with the right guidance and advice, you can avoid being part of these backlog numbers by getting in touch with one of our Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant (RCIC) at Canadianvisa.org today.
Furthermore, we urge applicants to double-check all information, fill in all fields correctly and supply the right supporting documents before submitting their application. While fast processing times cannot always be guaranteed, you can still avoid potential delays by ensuring the completeness of your application.
For now, let’s take a more in-depth look at suitable programs and their processing times.
Step 1: Choose the Right Immigration Program
Before we can dive into the different processing times, you would need to know which program is suitable for you. With over 100 immigration pathways and visas to choose from, you can find a visa or program for your needs and circumstances. The program you choose can also serve as a major contributing factor to your application processing times. Let’s take a look at how you can obtain a visa through the following immigration options.What is the Express Entry System?
One of the easiest routes to explore would be the Express Entry system, which is an online points-driven system that comprises three versatile programs:
- Canadian Experience Class
- Federal Skilled Program
- Federal Skilled Trades Program
But what makes the Express Entry system so popular? It is the fact that this pathway yields quick, fast results, enabling individuals to immigrate to Canada sooner rather than later. This is the main objective - speeding up the application process.
However, you can help speed up the process of your IRCC processing times by ensuring that you’ve filled out all forms correctly, and that you’ve submitted the relevant supporting documents. Failure in doing so will result in delays in processing times since your application will be sent back to you.
What is the Processing Times for Express Entry?
Because this is a fast immigration pathway, your application could take approximately six months or less, provided you've filled out all forms accurately and attached all supporting documents with your application. Remember, you must remain truthful when providing information of yourself. Failure in doing so will result in the refusal of your application.
What is the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)?
The PNP is an immigration pathway where provinces or territories in Canada can nominate individuals or families who wish to live and work in Canada. Each province or territory is different and therefore the criteria and the manner in which eligibility is assessed will also vary.
Below we give you a brief explanation of how you can apply for the PNP through Express Entry.
You Can Apply to the PNP through the Express Entry in Two Ways:
Option one: Choose a province/territory to settle in. You will be nominated accordingly. Once you’ve been nominated by a province/territory, your application will be assessed for eligibility. You may be contacted for additional information.
Top tip: We urge candidates not to omit any information on their application forms, fill out all fields correctly and include the necessary supporting documents to speed up the processing times of your application. In addition to this, individuals must conduct thorough research before choosing a province to live and work in.
Option two: You can also create an Express Entry profile which show the provinces/territories that you would like a nomination from. You can expect to be contacted through your online Express Entry profile. In turn, they’ll inform you to contact them and apply through their stream.
Top tip: Candidates should always double-check which territories/provinces have the PNP so they can apply under the correct province.
What are the Processing Times for the PNP?
Even though you've applied for the PNP under Express Entry, this program still encompasses various provinces or territories of Canada. As a result, the processing times can largely differ from province to province, while the different standards and processes that each province has will also influence processing times.
Note that with PNP, there's a processing time period for the application to the province for nomination. Thereafter, there's a waiting period of eligibility assessment as well. Once this is completed, and you're successful, you would have another waiting period for your application to the federal government for permanent residence. The processing period at this stage could take about one to two years.
We'd like to remind candidates that you can reduce the processing times of your application, irrespective of the procedures, by simply ensuring that you've filled out all information correctly on the forms. Additionally, you must provide the relevant documents that validates the information you've provided on the forms.
Now, let’s look at the Visitor Visa and how it works.
What is the Visitor Visa?
This visa is required for foreign nationals who plan to live and work in Canada over a stipulated period of time. When exactly is a visitor visa needed? Most likely, if you’re entering Canada as a visitor, or traveling in and around Canada, whether it’s for business or leisure, you’ll require a visa. If you’re transiting through an airport in Canada, you will also need your visitor visa until you reach your destination.
How to Apply for a Visitor Visa
Before you make the actual application to immigrate to Canada, you would also need to know how to apply for a visa (if applicable). Below are the steps on how to apply for a Visa to Canada:
- Check if you meet the criteria to travel to Canada: To enter Canada, you would have to answer a few questions online on the official Canadian government website which assess your eligibility to enter the country. Thereafter, continue to follow the instructions.
- Gather your documents to validate your eligibility: Make sure you have your checklist at hand and submit any additional supporting documents that may be required. Some documents may take longer to obtain than others, in this case, we advise you start gathering these documents sooner rather than later.
- Make your application online: To do this, there are a few steps you must follow through with. These are:
- Create a valid account/profile online so you can be informed and contacted about what to do next.
- Upload any supporting documents and mandatory documents that’s required.
- Pay your fees: Make sure you know which you’re paying for. For instance, you’ll be expected to pay for the IRCC processing times fee, Right of Permanent Residence Fee (RPRF), which is currently $515 and biometrics fees. Note that there could be additional fees that should be paid but this would be subject to the type of program, personal situation or circumstances of the individual.
- Provide your biometrics (fingerprints and photo): Before submitting your biometrics, you may have to answer a few questions online regarding your situation. For instance, which country you’re applying from and whether or not you’ve applied before. There are different instructions for those attempting to submit biometrics outside of Canada, and those submitting inside the country. Standards and procedures may therefore differ.
Once you've complied with all instructions and successfully submitted your information, your application will be assessed to ensure you have all the necessary documents. Bear in mind that your application will be returned without being processed if it’s incomplete. As a result, this can cause further delays in IRCC processing times.
What is the Processing Time for a Visitor Visa?
For Canada's visitor visa, the processing time ranges from 8 to 40 days. For Canada's business visa, the processing time could take about 16 to 20 day. However, these times can vary since it depends on the country you're applying from. In a nutshell, you could be looking around one month to wait for your visitor visa to be processed.
However, the final decision around your visiting period will depend on what the border services officer decides. This decision could come to less or more than six months, and the expiry date of your visitor visa will be stated on your passport.
Foreign nationals traveling to Canada may either need a visitor visa or an Electronic Travel Authorization - the documents you require will depend on the type of document you need for traveling around the country, your nationality and the manner you choose to travel to Canada. If you’re unsure about whether or not you require a visitor visa, you can find out if you need one here.
Step 2: Check if you’re Eligible to travel to Canada
Before you can apply to any program, you must first check if you're eligible to do so. There’s a fine line between the two aspects of eligibility to travel to Canada and applying for a visa. While these two components go hand-in-hand, you must check if:
- Firstly, you’re eligible to apply for a visa,
- and secondly, if you’re eligible to enter Canada.
There are some requirements one must have when it comes to eligibility to enter Canada: You should have a valid travel passport, be in physical good health, have no criminal record, prove that you will return back to your country after your visiting period expires (if you’re a temporary visitor to Canada); and that you have enough money to support yourself or family members should they join you later.
Step 3: Make Your Application
At this point, you’ve double-checked your eligibility to travel to Canada and your eligibility for a visa, which leads you into the next step of applying. We have highlighted the steps to apply for a visa (which is the same as making your application).
- Check if you meet the criteria to travel to Canada (program criteria and eligibility to enter Canada)
- Gather your documents to validate your eligibility
- Make your application online
Post Application: What to Expect with IRCC Processing Times
It is well-advised to arrange your biometric appointment as soon as possible. In addition to this, you want to ensure you’ve filled out your application correctly to avoid potential delays in processing times. This is of utmost importance. In the meantime, after submitting your application, you will need to be patient until you will be contacted to inform you about the way forward.
While you’re waiting on a response, the IRCC officer will be checking if you’re eligible, whether or not you have all supporting documents in place and the overall completeness of your application.
You will be contacted should anything be missing from your application, or to advise you on your next step in the process. Depending on the type of application, program or personal situation, you may be asked to undergo an interview with the country’s officials, get a medical exam and police clearance.
In the event of the refusal of your application, know that there are other immigration options available. At most, you’d be informed about why your application was rejected and how you can appeal the decision.
The IRCC Processing Times Explained
We’ve provided you with a comprehensive breakdown of what you can expect after submitting your application, the different processing times and how you can avoid potential delays around the processing times. Different programs and visa applications have different standards and procedures, depending on the nature and circumstances of your application.
It is worth noting that the processing times of your application will vary from person to person, as factors such as program, eligibility and completeness of your application will play a vital role in the success of your application.
Should you have any questions or concerns on how to get started, feel free to get in touch with a Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultant (RCIC) today.
1. How long does IRCC approval take?
The process could take approximately 12 months, depending on the country you’re applying from as well as the program. For instance, under the Provincial Nomination Program (PNP), there’s two waiting periods involved in the application process. First, is the waiting period of eligibility assessment, and second, is the waiting period at federal government level for permanent residence. The programs have various standards and processes which will influence your application’s processing times. Additionally, there’s also personal factors such as the individual's circumstances or situation, as well as the completeness of their application.
2. How long does a PR application take?
Processing of permanent residence application (PR) may take 56 days, while renewing a PR card could take up to 136 days. This depends on the circumstances or the completeness of your application when applying for permanent residence in Canada. You should ensure that you have your checklist at hand to include all relevant documents and fill out all fields accurately. Doing so can speed up the application process.
3. What is the next step after biometric?
Once you pay your biometric fee, you’ll receive information on how to go about your biometrics. The processing of your application cannot be completed until you’ve submitted your biometrics, which will confirm your identity. Depending on how quick you submit biometrics, the assessment thereof may take 5 to 10 months before you’d get a response. This is also dependent on a variety of factors such as the type of program you’re applying to, personal situation and the completeness of your application. Your information that you provided will also be assessed for eligibility.