Discover the Top STEM Jobs in Canada

As a global leader in innovation and technology, Canada offers many career opportunities for individuals with expertise in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) fields. Whether you're a recent graduate, seasoned professional, or aspiring entrepreneur, being aware of the top STEM jobs in Canada can open doors to exciting career paths and rewarding opportunities for growth and advancement.

With this blog, we look at the top STEM jobs in Canada, where talent meets opportunity in fields driving innovation and shaping the future of industries nationwide.

Canada’s STEM Labor Market

Canada's STEM labor market

Canada's STEM labor market is an ever-changing and rapidly evolving sector that drives innovation and economic growth. With a growing emphasis on technological advancements and innovation, STEM occupations are in high demand across various industries in Canada.

One of the defining features of Canada's STEM labor market is its diversity and breadth. There is a wide range of STEM fields and specialties, from software development and information technology to engineering, healthcare, and environmental science. This diversity not only provides opportunities for individuals with different backgrounds and skill sets but also contributes to Canada's competitiveness on the global stage.

Canada's STEM labor market is experiencing sustained growth, boosted by increased investment in research and development, technological advancements, and rising industries such as artificial intelligence, biotechnology, and renewable energy. As a result, there is a continuous demand for skilled STEM professionals who can innovate, problem-solve, and drive progress in their respective fields.

Top STEM Sectors in Canada

Canada's booming STEM labor market includes many diverse and exciting fields. Below is a breakdown of some top sectors experiencing high demand and offering promising opportunities for newcomers who want to establish a STEM career in Canada.

Information & Communication Technology

This powerhouse sector includes software development, data science, cybersecurity, and network engineering. Driven by digital transformation across industries, the demand for skilled Information & Communication Technology (ICT) professionals is skyrocketing. Roles like software developers and data scientists consistently rank among the highest-paying STEM jobs in Canada.

As one of the major drivers of the advancement of the digital age, the ICT sector is a powerhouse driving growth across various industries. ICT professionals are vital in developing cutting-edge software applications to secure critical infrastructure.

Learn how to immigrate to Canada as a tech worker.


From civil engineers building infrastructure to mechanical engineers developing innovative technologies, various engineering disciplines are crucial for Canada's growth. Due to ongoing advancements, specific sub-sectors like electrical, mechanical, and aerospace engineering experience high demand.

Learn how to immigrate to Canada as an Engineer.

Healthcare Technologies

The combination of medicine and technology is changing healthcare delivery. Healthcare technologies (HealthTech) offer many opportunities for skilled professionals with expertise in various areas. As healthcare embraces technology, fields like bioengineering, medical device development, and bioinformatics are witnessing significant growth. These sectors offer opportunities for professionals working in fields combining medicine and engineering.

Learn more about the top healthcare jobs in Canada.

Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning

At the forefront of innovation, Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) are transforming numerous industries. The demand for AI/ML engineers and specialists with expertise in developing and implementing these technologies is rapidly growing. AI and ML rapidly transform various industries, and Canada is at the forefront of this technological revolution.

Learn about the best provinces in Canada for tech jobs.

Clean Technologies & Environmental Sciences

Canada's commitment to sustainability has fueled the demand for tech professionals in clean technologies and environmental sciences. These sectors offer rewarding careers for those passionate about protecting the environment. Canada's commitment to sustainability drives the demand for professionals in clean technologies like renewable energy and environmental science. Roles in solar energy development, environmental engineering, and resource management offer promising career paths.

Learn about employment opportunities in a Canada Clean Tech Hub.

Top STEM Jobs in Each Major Sector in Canada

Top STEM Jobs in Each Major Sector in Canada

Canada's STEM industries have various in-demand jobs across various sectors. Here's a breakdown of some of the most sought-after positions within each major STEM sector, with National Occupational Classification (NOC) codes and annual average salaries from Canada's Job Bank.

Information & Communication Technology (ICT)

The most in-demand occupations within ICT include:

STEM Jobs NOC Code Annual Average Salary (CAD)
Software Developer 21232 119,845.33
IT Project Manager 20012 117,048.24
Database Analyst 21223 109,747.66
Web Developer 21234 96,820.18
Network Administrator 22220 85,932.91


The most in-demand occupations within the Engineering sector include:

STEM Jobs NOC Code Average Annual Salary (CAD)
Chemical Engineer 21320 135,404.74
Electrical Engineer 21310 125,242.19
Civil Engineer 21300 120,840.96
Software Engineer 21231 119,814.87
Mechanical Engineer 21301 116,217.66

Healthcare Technologies

The most in-demand occupations within the field of healthcare technologies include:

STEM Jobs NOC Code Annual Average Salary (CAD)
Biomedical Engineer 21399 118,135.87
Clinical Informatics Specialist 21222 109,700.24
Medical Radiation Technologist 32121 101,105.53
Medical Laboratory Technologist 32120 97,298.53
Health Information Management Officer 12111 81,247.03

Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning

The most in-demand occupations within the rapidly growing Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning sector include:

STEM Jobs NOC Code Annual Average Salary (CAD)
Machine Learning Engineer 21211 126,950.87
Natural Language Processing Engineer 21311 123,378.13
Data Scientist 21211 123,350.34
Artificial Intelligence Specialist 21211 119,763.97
Robotics Engineer 21301 116,140.03

Clean Technologies & Environmental Sciences

The most in-demand occupations within the growing Clean Technologies & Environmental Sciences field include:

STEM Jobs NOC Code Annual Average Salary (CAD)
Waste Management Specialist 21120 154,708.31
Environmental Engineer 21300 120,798.84
Renewable Energy Engineer 92100 116,056.08
Environmental Scientist 21110 107,347.50
Climate Change Analyst 41400 107,265.60

How Can I Find a Stem Job in Canada

How Can I Find a Stem Job in Canada

Landing a STEM job in Canada involves proper planning. Below is a step-by-step process guide on how to find a stem job in Canada.

Step 1: Target Your Skills

Research in-demand STEM fields within your skillset using resources like:

Step 2: Network & Connect

Build connections with professionals in your field on LinkedIn or attend industry events to get insights and discover job openings.

Step 3: Optimize Your Resume & Cover Letter

Tailor your resume to highlight relevant skills and experience for each job application. Craft compelling cover letters showcasing your passion for the STEM field and your value to the company.

Learn how to write the perfect CV for work in Canada.

Step 4: Research Licensing Requirements

Certain professions might require Canadian licenses or certifications, so it's important to understand the processes required to work in your desired STEM job.

By following these steps and actively searching for opportunities, you can increase your chances of securing a rewarding STEM career in Canada.

Learn more about how to find a job in Canada.

How Can I Work in One of Canada's STEM Jobs

Canada's booming STEM sector attracts skilled professionals worldwide. If you have the expertise and desire to contribute to this field, here's a breakdown of how work permits can pave the way for your successful STEM career in Canada.

Work Permits

A work permit is a document issued by the Canadian government that authorizes a foreign national to work in a specific position for a designated employer. Different types of work permits cater to various employment scenarios.

Employer-Specific Work Permit (ESWP)

This is the most common work permit for skilled workers. It's tied to a specific job offer from a Canadian employer. Your employer will initiate the application process through Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) by applying for a Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA).

An LMIA confirms that there is a need for your skills and expertise as a foreign worker in Canada and that no Canadians or permanent residents are available to do the job. The most commonly issued employers-specific work permit is a Temporary Foreign Work Permit.

Open Work Permit

An open work permit offers more flexibility, allowing you to work for any employer in Canada. Open work permits are typically issued under the International Mobility Program (IMP), enabling you to work in Canada without the need for your employer to get an LMIA.

Learn more about the types of work permits in Canada.


How Can I Stay Updated on Canada's Latest Trends And Developments in STEM Fields?

Stay updated on Canada's latest trends and developments in STEM fields by regularly following industry-specific publications, attending conferences and workshops, and participating in online forums and webinars hosted by professional associations and organizations.

What Are Some Challenges and Opportunities Facing STEM Professionals in Canada?

STEM professionals in Canada face challenges such as skills shortages, underrepresentation of certain demographics, and the need to keep pace with rapid technological advancements. Still, they also have opportunities to contribute to innovation, collaborate on impactful projects, and access resources for continuous learning and skills development.

Are There Opportunities For Career Advancement And Professional Development in STEM Fields in Canada?

Yes. There are ample opportunities for career advancement and professional development in STEM fields in Canada, with options such as specialized training programs, mentorship initiatives, and opportunities to pursue advanced degrees or certifications. Furthermore, networking with industry professionals, participating in research projects, and seeking leadership roles can help STEM professionals advance their careers in Canada.