Discover the Top Science Jobs in Canada

As one of the world's leading hubs for research and development, Canada boasts many top science jobs across many sectors. From the growing fields of biotechnology and information technology to the ever-evolving realms of aerospace and environmental science, there are plenty of science jobs in Canada.

Whether you're drawn to the possibilities presented by genetic engineering, data analytics, or outer space, Canada provides a ready science job market for pursuing your passions and making meaningful contributions to its society.

Want to work in the Canadian Science sector? Then, get ready to discover the top science jobs in Canada.

Top Science Sectors in Canada

top science sectors in canada

Some of the top science sectors in Canada include biotechnology, information technology, aerospace, environmental science, and renewable energy. These sectors benefit from Canada's strong research and development infrastructure, skilled workforce, and supportive government policies. Canada's commitment to innovation and collaboration is responsible for creating growth and investment in booming fields such as artificial intelligence, quantum computing, and health sciences. 

Let's get a better understanding of the top science sectors in Canada, each with its potential for innovation and career opportunities that could shape the future of your career.

Life Sciences

This powerhouse sector includes:

  • Biotechnology,
  • Pharmaceuticals,
  • Medical devices, and
  • Genomics research.

Driven by a highly skilled workforce and world-class research institutions like the Montreal Clinical Research Institute and MaRS Discovery District in Toronto, Canada, it is a hotbed for life-saving advancements. From developing new cancer treatments to pioneering gene therapies, Canadian scientists are pushing the boundaries of healthcare in Canada.

Information and Communications Technology

Canada thrives at the forefront of the digital revolution. The Information and Communications Technology (ICT) sector is driven by cutting-edge research in

Leading companies like Shopify and Blackberry are headquartered in Canada, and research institutions like the Vector Institute in Toronto are at the helm of AI advancements. This sector offers exciting career paths for those passionate about shaping the digital landscape.

Learn more about Canada's best provinces for software developer jobs.

Natural Resources & Mining

Canada's vast natural resources drive innovation in sustainable mining practices, mineral exploration technologies, and environmental remediation. Universities like McGill University in Montreal house leading research groups focused on minimizing the environmental impact of mining and resource extraction.

This sector offers geologists, geophysicists, and mining engineers opportunities to develop responsible and sustainable resource development strategies. Furthermore, Regions like Yukon and the Northwest Territories, with their untapped resources, offer many opportunities to prospective skilled foreign immigrant miners in this sector.

Learn about the top three provinces to find mining jobs in Canada.

Agriculture & Agri-Food

A cornerstone of the Canadian economy, this sector focuses on scientific advancements to ensure food security and address global agricultural challenges. Research institutions like the National Research Council of Canada and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada are at the forefront of developing solutions in precision agriculture, plant and animal genomics, and sustainable food production practices. Canadian scientists are leaders in developing technologies like vertical farming and new crop varieties to meet the demands of a growing global population.

Learn how to immigrate to Canada with the Agri-food Pilot.

Clean Technology & Environmental Sustainability

With a growing emphasis on decreasing technology's contribution to climate change, Canada is a hub for clean technology research and development. The sector focuses on renewable energy sources (solar, wind), energy efficiency, and green building technologies. Research institutions like the University of British Columbia's Clean Energy Research Centre are developing new solutions for a more sustainable future. Clean technology offers exciting career paths for engineers, scientists, and policy specialists who are passionate about protecting the environment.

Top Science Jobs in Each Major Sector in Canada

top science jobs in canada in each major sector

Here are tables listing the top science jobs in Canada in each primary sector, along with their corresponding National Occupational Classification (NOC) codes and annual average salaries (highest to lowest) sourced from Canada's Job Bank.

Life Sciences

Below are some of Canada's most in-demand life science jobs.

Science Occupations NOC Code Average Annual Salaries (CAD)
Medical Specialist 31100 250,012
Pharmacist 31120 141,376.68
Microbiologist 21110 106,953.60
Biochemist 21101 101,594.43
Medical Laboratory Technologist 32120 96,910.21

Information and Communications Technology (ICT)

Below are some of the most in-demand jobs in Canada's ICT field.

Science Occupations NOC Code Average Annual Salaries (CAD)
Software Engineer 21231 137,034.30
IT Manager 20012 116,564.16
Database Analyst 21223 109,278.25
Web Developer 21234 96,406.72
Network Administrator 22220 85,561.63

Natural Resources & Mining

Below are some of the most in-demand occupations in Canada's natural resources & mining sector.

Science Occupations NOC Code Average Annual Salaries (CAD)
Mining Supervisor 82020 130,978.03
Geological Engineer 21331 127,768.07
Oil and Gas Driller 85111 106,917.33
Agriculture Specialist 21112 95,100.19
Forestry Technician 22112 78,308.95

Agriculture & Agri-Food

Below are some of the most in-demand occupations in Canada's agriculture & agri-food sector.

Science Occupations NOC Code Average Annual Salaries (CAD)
Agricultural Engineer 21399 117,608.20
Agricultural Scientist 21110 106,916.55
Agronomist 21112 95,085.97
Agricultural Technician 84120 72,164.46
Farm Manager 80020 65,432.69

Clean Technology And Environmental Sustainability

Below are some of the most in-demand jobs in the clean technology and environmental sustainability sector.

Science Occupations NOC Code Average Annual Salaries (CAD)
Waste Management Specialist 90011 154,198.71
Environmental Engineer 21300 120,268.83
Sustainability Specialist 41400 106,911.48
Environmental Consultant 41400 106,910.70
Energy Auditor 22233 92,539.99

How Can I Work in Canada’s Science Sector

You must apply for and receive a Canada work permit to use your scientific expertise and contribute to the top science sectors in Canada. Obtaining a work permit is crucial in making your dream of a science job in Canada a reality. Here's a breakdown of the primarily two types of Canada work permit options for foreign international science professionals.

Open Work Permit

An open work permit offers the most flexibility, allowing you to work for any employer in Canada. The most common process for obtaining an open work permit is through the International Mobility Program (IMP), which enables you to get hired by a Canadian employer without the need for a Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA).

This option may suit experienced researchers or scientists participating in exchange programs or short-term research projects. Open work permits are typically issued for a limited duration. Research this option thoroughly to understand eligibility requirements and limitations.

Employer-Specific Work Permit

The most common route for international science professionals, an employer-specific work permit, is tied to a specific job offer from a Canadian employer. Your employer will initiate the application through Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC), and if it is successful, they'll receive an LMIA. To qualify, you'll need a valid job offer in a field related to your scientific background and education. An employer-specific work permit is usually obtained via the Temporary Foreign Work Permit Program.

Learn more about Canada's different types of work permits.



What Skills Are Essential for Science Jobs in Canada?

Essential skills for science jobs in Canada include strong analytical abilities, critical thinking, and effective communication skills to collaborate with diverse teams and convey complex concepts.

What Qualifications Do I Need to Get a Science Job in Canada?

Qualifications typically needed for a science job in Canada include a relevant bachelor's degree or higher in a scientific field, supplemented by hands-on experience, certifications, and specialized training depending on the specific role.

What Are the Career Advancement Opportunities for Science Jobs in Canada?

Career advancement opportunities for science jobs in Canada often include opportunities for specialization, leadership roles, and research grants, along with the potential to receive advanced degrees or certifications to increase your expertise and scope of responsibility.