Discover Canada’s Different Regions

Canada is divided into 10 provinces and three territories which all have their own special characteristics and settler histories. Each province is also known for its own industry or main sector that drives the local economy. Due to a lack of skilled workers in specific fields as well as some stagnation of growth in certain provinces/territories, programs have been created to increase the number of immigrants coming in to Canada to fill these gaps.

The federal government has revealed plans to boost the number of immigrants granted permanent residence in Canada to over a million within the next three years. Now is the time to make a Canada visa application through the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) which addresses the missing skills according to the different provinces and territories.

Atlantic Provinces

The Atlantic provinces offer a Canada visa application process.

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia translates to ‘New Scotland’ and is also known as one of Canada’s three Maritime provinces. The capital is Halifax where agriculture, fishing and mining are the main industries. Although the land was originally home to the Mi'kmaq indigenous peoples, it has since been settled in by the British, the French and Belgians who still have descendents in present-day Halifax.

New Brunswick

The capital of New Brunswick is Fredericton, a quaint city on the banks of the Saint John River. The town is known for its arts and culture, being home to many galleries, theatres and the annual Harvest Jazz & Blues Festival. The second of the Maritime provinces, this is also Canada’s only officially bilingual province with an emphasis on both French and English languages.

Prince Edward Island (PEI)

The final Maritime province, Prince Edward Island is actually a collection of smaller islands and a main island. The smallest province in Canada, the island is surprisingly populous with the densest ratio. In terms of economy, the area is known for its farming and has rich agricultural landscapes. Most of the residents in the area are of Scottish, Irish, English and French descent with most living in the capital, Charlottetown.

Newfoundland & Labrador

This region is made up of the island of Newfoundland and the mainland, Labrador. Surprisingly, most of the province’s population lives on Newfoundland and its astonishing 7, 000 small neighbouring islands. The general population consists of mainly English speakers while some of the rest are indigenous language speakers. The capital is St. John’s which is the second-largest metropolitan area in the Atlantic provinces after Halifax.

Prairie Provinces

The Prairie provinces offer a Canada visa application process.


The capital of Alberta is Edmonton which is known for its oil trade. However, the province’s biggest city is Calgary which lies where the Bow and Elbow Rivers come together. The region is also known for some of Canada’s most picturesque nature destinations including Banff National Park and Jasper National Park.


The province of Manitoba was originally home to indigenous people which then gave way to the fur trade along the river systems that run through the region. The largest city, Winnipeg, is also the capital city in this case which is named after Lake Winnipeg. Manitoba is known for its multiculturalism with a variety of folk and theatre festivals as well as ice hockey and football tournaments.


With over 100, 000 lakes, Saskatchewan is a province comprised almost 10% of freshwater (despite being landlocked) and is also home to many native groups. With its main industries being agriculture, mining and energy, the province relies heavily on natural resources to boost its local economy. Surprisingly, the bulk of Saskatchewan’s residents are of German descent while under 20% are recognized as first-generation Canadian.

Populous Provinces

The more populous provinces offer a Canada visa application process.


Ontario is recognized as Canada’s most populous province and is known for both the nation’s capital, Ottawa as well as Canada’s most recognisable city, Toronto. The province is divided into Northern and Southern Ontario which separates the more populated areas from the colder forested land. Ontario is home to more minority populations than elsewhere in Canada due to a high rate of immigration while the main language spoken is still English.


This is another province with many bodies of water including James Bay, Hudson Bay and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. Québec is known for being Canada’s predominantly French-speaking province, listing it as the official language. The capital is Québec City which houses some of the province’s oldest monuments while its largest city is Montreal which contributes towards making the province Canada’s second-largest local economy.

British Columbia

This province is found between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains, offering the best of Canada’s natural wonders. The capital city is Victoria which was named after the British monarch by early settlers. The city it’s most known for, however, is Vancouver, the province’s most populous and Canada’s third-most populated. It’s recognized as one of Canada’s most diverse hubs with over 52% of its residents speaking a first-language other than English.

The Territories

The territories offer various ways to start a Canada visa application process.

The Territories are so named because the constitution doesn’t allow for new provinces to be added without the vote of larger, more populous provinces due to political reasons. This prevents less populated regions (generally the territories) from controlling the outcomes of elections simply based on landmass.

Northwest Territories

The most populous of all the territories, the Northwest Territories combines boreal forest with tundra terrain. The capital, Yellowknife, is rich in natural resources having mined everything from gold to diamonds in the area. There is also fascinating indigenous history in the area with nine of its 11 official languages belonging to native groups.


The newest addition to the territories, Nunavut includes a few small island communities as well. Its capital is Iqaluit (meaning ‘place of fish’) which is the territory’s only city. This territory has a polar climate, being situated south of the Arctic circle.


The territory of Yukon is the smallest of all with also only one city, its capital, Whitehorse. Due to its snowy climate, the city hosts an annual dog sled race which runs all the way to Alaska. You will also find Canada’s highest mountain, Mount Logan, here along with the Northern Lights.

The Provincial Nominee Program

The Provincial Nominee Program is one of the ways to start your Canada visa application process.

The Provincial Nominee Program was designed to target specific skills and sectors that are lacking in a certain province/territory versus Canada in general. There are several streams that cater to skilled workers, business investors and graduates alike.

PNP Streams

Most but not all of the provinces/territories listed above are part of the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) and not all programs offer the same streams. Browse through the table below to get a better understanding of what the different provinces/territories offer for candidates applying for a nomination. Express Entry candidates that already entered into the pool can either submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) or wait for a Notification of Interest (NOI) from the province/territory, depending on how their process for the Canada visa application works.

PNP Streams
  • Alberta Opportunity Stream
  • Alberta Express Entry Stream
  • Self-Employed Farmer Stream
British Columbia
  • Skills Immigration
  • Express Entry British Columbia
  • Entrepreneur Immigration
  • International Skilled Worker Category
  • Saskatchewan Experience Category
  • Entrepreneur and Farm Category
  • Skilled Worker Stream
  • Skilled Worker Overseas Stream
  • Business Investor Stream (formerly MPNP-B)
  • Morden Community Driven Immigration Initiative
  • International Education Stream
  • Human Capital Category
  • Employer Job Offer Category
  • Business Category
Nova Scotia
  • Nova Scotia Demand: Express Entry
  • Nova Scotia Experience: Express Entry
  • Nova Scotia Labour Market Priorities
  • Skilled Worker Stream
  • Entrepreneur Stream
  • International Graduate Entrepreneur Stream
  • Physician Stream
  • Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program
Prince Edward Island
  • PEI PNP Express Entry
  • Labour Impact Category
  • Business Impact Category
New Brunswick
  • Express Entry Labour Market Stream
  • Skilled Workers with Employer Support
  • Post-Graduate Entrepreneurial Stream
  • Entrepreneurial Stream
  • Skilled Workers with Family Support
  • Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program
Newfoundland & Labrador
  • Newfoundland and Labrador Express Entry Skilled Worker
  • Skilled Worker Category
  • International Graduate Category
  • International Entrepreneur Category
  • International Graduate Entrepreneur Category
  • Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program
Northwest Territories
  • Employer Driven Program
  • Skilled Worker
  • Business Immigration Program
  • Yukon Express Entry (YEE)
  • Skilled Worker
  • Critical Impact Worker
  • Business Nominee

How Can We Help?

We can help you start your Canada visa application.

Our service guides you through the Canada visa application process with the help of Regulated Canadian Immigration Consultants (RCICs) who are experts in the field of immigration policy. These professionals have all been through the immigration process themselves and can assist you with everything from selecting the best program for your background to submitting the correct documents on time.

Sign up with our service today to learn more about applying for the different PNP streams and pave your way to immigrate to Canada. Let us make your Canada visa application process as smooth as possible so that you can achieve permanent residence.